Restoration & Management in Apalachicola Bay
The primary goal of the Apalachicola Bay System Initiative (ABSI) is to develop ecosystem-based restoration and management plans for the Apalachicola Bay System designed to foster recovery of the oyster reefs and the ecosystem services that they provide, including the biophysical, ecological, economic, social, and cultural services derived from restoration.
These plans are being developed in concert with the natural resource management agencies responsible for the management and conservation of the region and will be based in part on the research conducted by ABSI, FWC, and other partners (e.g., monitoring, field & lab experiments, modeling). The results will be used to develop:
• Optimal oyster reef restoration strategies customized for the ABSI region to create cost-effective solutions with clear attainable metrics.
• A framework for science-based adaptive management, to maintain sustainable harvesting and facilitate ecosystem recovery in the ABSI region.
The research components will also be distilled into user-friendly products made available to and used by anyone to understand and predict how oyster populations (as well as other species) will respond to different environmental, biological, and management scenarios. We see these as valuable tools for managing harvests, water flows, and restoration efforts, as well as a community engagement tool to garner support from stakeholders, and potentially increase understanding and compliance with management decisions.
What is Adaptive Management?
Natural resource management is based on the interactions between people and the natural world and is designed to focus on our scientific understanding of the ecology of life support systems with an emphasis on sustainability and quality of life.
Adaptive management is a precautionary ecosystem-based approach to management designed to help reduce uncertainty by employing system monitoring programs to obtain information that will improve future management and allows management the flexibility to change as new information is obtained. Hallmarks of an adaptive management program for the oyster fishery might include the following:
- monitoring programs that engage fishers in the process of obtaining environmental & fisheries data;
- models that characterize trophic interactions and include the ecosystem-level effects of fishing;
- experimental approaches that address the benefits and pitfalls of particular policy measures
- closed areas that can help evaluate the effects of fishing to reduce management error and cost,
- substantive support for law enforcement that includes enforceable regulations and requires permits and licenses for both commercial and recreational fishers
Below are two stories we developed, one of which speaks to management (closure of the Apalachicola Bay to oyster harvest) and the other of which discusses the history and opportunities presented by oyster shell recycling in the region.